Agronomic Zinc Biofortication in Oat

Author(s)

Fasih Ullah Haider , Muhammad Tahir Aftab , Atiq ur Rehman , Bushra Parveen , Wajeeh ur Rehman , Mirza Amir Baig ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 35-43 | Views: 421 | Downloads: 153 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3483339

Volume 3 - April 2019 (04)

Abstract

Biofortification is a noble technique to enhance the micronutrient absorption in cereal crops. Deficiency of zinc and other micronutrient are considered a severe diet and health challenges in human food. Moreover, zinc deficiency declines the growth and yield of oat. Therefore, the current experiment was conducted to evaluate the impact of various concentrations of zinc biofortification on agronomic and grain of oat. The experiment was performed in pots filled with 20 kg of soil by using CRD (completely randomized design) with factorial arrangements. The experiment was comprised of five Zn concentrations and two oat Cultivars (V1: S-2000, V2: S-2013) with three replications. Various crop parameters, i.e., time to start 50% germination, shoot and root dry weight, initial and final plant height, root and shoot length, number of leaves per plant, number of total and productive tillers, spike length, number of grain per spike and grain yield were observed and recorded information was statistically analyzed by Fisher’s analysis of variance and averaged values of each treatment were compared with LSD (least significance difference) test having a 5% probability level. Results reported that application of zinc and cultivars significantly influenced the yield and yield contributing traits of oat. With respect to cultivars, maximum yield and yield contributing traits were recorded in S2 (S-2013). With respect to the application of zinc T2 and T3 greatly influenced the yield and yield contributing traits of oat. Minimum yield and yield contributing traits were recorded in T4 that concludes that higher application of zinc leads to toxicity in oat.

Keywords

Biofortification, Oat, Zinc, Nutrient deficiency 

References

                        i.            Ahmad N, 2009. Establish soil and plant tissue boron and zinc requirement for cotton in calcareous soils of Pakistan. PhD. Thesis. University College of Agriculture Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.

      ii.            Ahmed W, Yaseen M, Arshad M & Ali Q. 2011. Response of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to Foliar Feeding of Micronutrients. Inter. J. Agro Vet. Med. Sci. 5(2):209-220.

    iii.            Alloway B.J. 2004. Boron deficiency in crops: An international perspective. p.34. In: Rashid, A. (ed.). Boron deficiency in soils and crops of Pakistan: Diagnosis and Management. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

     iv.            Arif M, Chohan M.A, Ali S, Gul R & Khan S. 2006. Response of wheat to foliar application of nutrients. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 1(4):34-36.

       v.            Asad A, Blamey F.B.C & Edwards D.G. 2003. Effect of boron foliar application on vegetative and reproductive growth of sunflower. An. Bot. 92:565-570.

     vi.            Bhowmik D, Chiranjib K.P & Kumar S.A. 2010. A potential medicinal importance of Zinc in human health and chronic disease. Int. J. Pharm. Biomed. Sci. 1:5-11.

   vii.            Bhutta Z.A, Jiwani A, Feroze A, Kissana N & Monasterio I.O. 2007. Assessment of human zinc deficiency and determinants in Pakistan: Implications for interventions. In: Proceeding of International Zinc Association conference ‘Zinc Crops 2007-Improving Crop Production and Human Health’. May 24–26, 2007. Istanbul, Turkey.

 viii.            Biesiekierski J.R, 2017. "What is gluten?". Can J. Gastroen. Hep. 1: 78 81. doi:10.1111/jgh.13703. PMID 28244676.

     ix.            Branda-o- Neto J, Stefan V, Mendoc B.B, Bloise W & Castro V.V. 1995. The essential role of zinc in growth. Nutr. Res. 15:35.

       x.            Cakmak I. Torun A, Millet E, Feldman M, Fahima T, Korol A, Nevo E, Braun H.J & Ozkan H. 2004. Triticum dicoccoides L.: An Important genetic resource for increasing zinc and iron concentration in modern cultivated wheat. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 50:1047-1054.

     xi.            Cakmak I. 2002. Plant nutrition research: Priorities to meet human needs for food in sustainable ways. Plant Soil, 247:3-24.

   xii.            Cakmak I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant Soil, 302:1–17.

 xiii.            Ejaz MS & Latif N. 2010. Stunting and micronutrient deficiencies in malnourished children. J. Pak. Med. Assoc. 60:543-7.

 xiv.            Erenoglu E.B, Kutman U.B, Ceylan Y, Yildiz B & Cakmak I. 2011. Improved nitrogen nutrition enhances root uptake, root-to-shoot translocation and remobilization of zinc (65Zn ) in wheat. New Phytol. 189:438-448.

   xv.            Farooq M. Basra S.M.A, Wahid A, Khaliq A & Kobayashi N. 2009. Rice seed invigoration. In: E. Lichtfouse (ed.). Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, 137¬175. Springer, the Netherlands.

 xvi.            Gomez-Galera S, Rojas E, Sudhakar D, Zhu C.F, Pelacho A.M, Capell T & Christou P. 2010. Critical evaluation of strategies for mineral fortification of staple food crops. Transgenic Res. 19:165-180.

xvii.            Grotz N. & Guerinot M.L. 2006. Molecular aspects of Cu, Fe and Zn homeostasis in plants. Biochem. Biophys. Acta. 17(63):595-608

xviii.            Gunes A, Inal A, Adak M.S, Alpaslan M, Bagci E.G, Erol T & Pilbeam D.J. 2007. Mineral nutrition of wheat, chickpea and lentil as affected by mixed cropping and soil moisture. Nutri. Cycl. in Agroeco. 78:83-96.

 xix.            Habib M. 2009. Effect of foliar application of zinc and iron on wheat yield and quality. Afri. J. Biotech. 8:6795-6798.

   xx.            Harris D, Rashid A, Miraj G, Asif M & Yunas M. 2008. A on-farm seed priming with zinc in chickpea and wheat in Pakistan. Plant Soil, 306:3-10

 xxi.            Kaya C & Higgs D. 2002. Inter-relationships between zinc nutrition, growth parameters, and nutrient physiology grown in a hydroponically tomato cultivar. J. Plant Nutr. 24: 1491- 1503.

xxii.            Khalifa R, Khan M, Shaaban S.H.A & Rawia A. 2011. Effect of foliar application of zinc sulphate and boric acid on growth, yield and chemical constituents of iris plants. Ozean. J. Applied Sci. 4:2.

xxiii.            Ma G.S, Jin Y, Li Y.P, Zhai F.Y, Kok F.J, Jacobsen E & Yang X.G. 2008. Iron and zinc deficiencies in China: what is a feasible and cost-effective strategy? Public Health Nutr. 11:632-638.

xxiv.            Maret W. 2001. Zinc biochemistry, physiology, and homeostasis: recent insights and current trends. 1st ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

xxv.            Nadim M.A, Awan I.U, Baloch M.S, Khan E.A, Naveed K & Khan M.A. 2012. Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to different micronutrients and their application methods. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 22(1):113-119.

xxvi.            Narimani H, Rahimi M.M, Ahmadikhah A & Vaezi B. 2010. Study on the effects of foliar spray of micronutrient on yield and yield components of durum wheat. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 2(6):168-176.

xxvii.            Newell-McGloughlin M. 2008. Nutritionally improved agricultural crops. Plant Physiol. 147:939-953.

xxviii.            Ortega R.M, Quintas M.E & Andres P. 1999. Zinc status of a group of pregnant Spanish women effects on anthropometric data and Apgar score of neonates. Nutr. Res. 19:1423

xxix.            Ortiz-Monasterio I.J, Palecios-Rojas N, Meng E, Pixley K, Trethowan R & Pena R.J. 2007. Enhancing the mineral and vitamin content of wheat and maize through plant breeding. J. Cereal Sci. 46:293-307.

xxx.            Rehman H, Aziz T, Farooq M, Wakeel A & Rengel Z. 2012. Zinc nutrition in rice production systems. Plant Soil J. 60:543-7.

xxxi.            Rengel Z, Batten G.D, & Crowley D.E. 1999. Agronomic approaches for improving the micronutrient density in edible portions of field crops. Field Crops Res. 60:27-40.

xxxii.            Samman S. 2007. Zinc. Nutrition & Dietetics, 64(4):131-S134

xxxiii.            Sarkar D, Mandal B & M.C. Kundu. 2007. Increasing use efficiency of boron fertilizers by rescheduling the time and method of application for crops in India. J. Plant Soil. 301:77- 85

xxxiv.            Steel R.G.D, Torrie J.H & Dicky D.A. 1996. Principles and procedures of Statistics, A biometrical approach. 3rd Ed. McGraw hill, Inc. Book Co. N.Y. USA, pp. 352-358.

xxxv.            Storey B.J. 2007. Zinc. In: Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Barker, A.V., and D.J. Pilbeam, Ed., Taylor & Francis, USA. pp. 411-435.

xxxvi.            Torun A, ltekin I.G.A, Kalayci M, Yilmaz A, Eker S & Cakmak I. 2001. Effects of zinc fertilization on grain yield and shoot concentrations of zinc, boron, and phosphorus of 25 wheat cultivars grown on a zinc-deficient and boron-toxic soil. J. Plant Nutr. 24(11):1817- 1829.

xxxvii.            Vieille L.S, Pulido O.M, Abbott M, Koerner T.B & Godefroy S. 2016. Celiac Disease and Gluten-Free Oats: A Canadian Position Based on a Literature Review". Can J. Gastroen. Hep. 1870305. doi:10.1155/2016/1870305.

xxxviii.            Waters B.M, & Sankaran R.P. 2011. Moving micronutrients from the soil to the seeds: genes and physiological processes from a bio-fortification perspective. Plant Sci. 180:562-574.

xxxix.            Whitehead A, Beck E.J, Tosh S & Wolever T.M.S. 2014. Cholesterol lowering effects of oat β- glucan a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails. American. J. Agron. 6; 1413- 1421

     xl.            Yassen A, Abou-El-Nour E.A.A & Shedeed S. 2010. Response of wheat to foliar Spray with urea and micronutrients. J. Am. Sci. 6:14-22.

   xli.            Zhao FJ, Lu X, Chen Z, Tian X & Yang X. 2011. Zinc Fertilization Methods on Zinc Absorption and Translocation in Wheat. J. Agri. Sci. 1:9752-9760.

Cite this Article: