LOCAL ORIGIN AND GLOBAL SPREAD OF VIRUSES. POSSIBLE PATHOGENIC VIRUSES DISTRIBUTION FROM AN EXAMPLE OF ANTARCTIC STUDY
The growth of transport rates, external trade and touristic relations in the modern world for medicine rise new problems associated with the risk of proliferation of biological threats. However, in addition to this, other ways of their spread, such as wild fauna, water, air, etc., remain important factors in the transmission of dangerous pathogens. In addition to identifying pathways for the transmission of pathogens, an important factor is an identification of pathogen sources, their evolution, the ability to preserve infectious properties and persist with various environmental factors, including temperature factors, acidity, and salinity of the environment, and others.We raise in article the issue of epidemiology and biosecurity as - the possibility of the spread of dangerous viruses in the world from remote "intact" areas where they can persist for a long time, including in ancient ice arrays (for example, in the Antarctic); - the possible entry of pathogenic viruses into Ukraine (for example, through migratory routes of migratory birds), where their spread could threaten other European countries, given the armed conflict in the border areas with Russia (which at any time may occur the bioterorystic threat); - we offer a tool for predicting and monitoring viral diseases.
viruses, infections diseases, epidemiology, distribution way, biological hazard, animal, Antarctic, ice.
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