Yield Response of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) to Compost of Household Wastes under Three Irrigation Regimes

Author(s)

Mawussi Gbenonchi , Koffi-Kouma Akouete ALATE , Kwasi Dzola AYISAH , Komla SANDA ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-07 | Views: 125 | Downloads: 58 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3991685

Volume 4 - June 2020 (06)

Abstract

Study was carried out to assess the effects of compost doses on tomato yield in dry season under three irrigation regimes. The experiments were conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications where control plots, plots treated with compost at doses of 20 t ha-1, 30 t ha-1 and 40 t ha-1 and plots treated with mineral fertilizers NPK 15-15-15 and Urea (46% N) constituted the treatments. Water was supplied according to three irrigation regimes of 1, 2 and 4 days interval. At the end of tomato harvest, soil samples were randomly collected from all plots for organic matter measurement. Only tomato total yield data were statistically analyzed. The results showed that compost and irrigation regimes a?ected tomato yield parameters. The highest values of early ripening yield (1.25 t ha-1 - 1.68 t ha-1), marketable yield (5.73 t ha-1 - 30.34 t ha-1) and total yield (7.40 t ha-1 - 30.59 t ha-1) were recorded on plots treated with compost and with mineral fertilizers, while the lowest values of early ripening yield (0.45 - 0.95 t ha-1), marketable yield (0.84 - 1.90 t ha-1) and total yield (3.58 - 4.19 t ha-1) were recorded on control plots The interaction of compost doses and irrigation regimes occurred indicating the ability of compost to improve tomato yield was closely related with level soil moisture.

Keywords

Household waste compost, irrigation interval day, tomato yield

References

                   i.            Abdel-Razzak, H., Wahb-Allah, M., Ibrahim, A., Alenazi, M. and Alsadon, A. (2016). Response of Cherry Tomato to Irrigation Levels and Fruit Pruning under Greenhouse Conditions. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 18: 1091-1103.

      ii.            Adams, S.R., Cockshull, K.E. and Cave, C.R.J. (2001). Effect of temperature on the growth and development of tomato fruits. Annals of Botany, 88(5):869–877.

    iii.            Alate, K.K.A., Mawussi, G., Ayisah, K.D. and Sanda, K. (2019). Agronomic potential value of household urban solid wastes by composting and composts quality assessment. International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology, 9(2): 1-8.

     iv.            Al-Omran, A.M., Sheta, A.S., Falatah, A.M. and Al-Harbi, A.R. (2005). Effect of Drip Irrigation on Squash (Cucurbita pepo) Yield and Water-use Efficiency in Sandy Calcareous Soils Amended with Clay Deposits. Agricultural Water Management, 73: 43-55.

       v.            Birhanu, K. and. Tilahun, K. (2010). Fruit yield and quality of dripped-irrigated tomato under deficit irrigation. African journal of food agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 10(2): 2139-2151.

     vi.            Boru, G., Vantoai, T., Alves, J., Hua D. and Knee, M. (2003). Responses of soybean to oxygen deficiency and elevated root-zone carbon dioxide concentration. Annals of Botany, 91: 447-453.

   vii.            Bouajila, K. and Sanaa, M. (2011). Effects of organic amendments on soil physico-chemical and biological properties. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 2, 485 – 490.

 viii.            Bouazzama, B., Xanthoulis, D., Bouaziz, A., Ruelle, P. and Mailhol J.-C. (2012). Effect of water stress on growth, water consumption and yield of silage maize under flood irrigation in a semi-arid climate of Tadla (Morocco). Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, 16(4): 468-477.

     ix.            Brown, S. and Cotton, M. (2011). Changes in Soil Properties and Carbon Content Following Compost Application: Results of On-farm Sampling. Compost Science and Utilization, 19(1), 88-97.

       x.            Dadashi, S., Ghajar Sepanlou, M. and Mirnia, S.Kh. (2019). Influence organic compost compounds on soil chemical and physical properties. International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management, 4(1) 15-22.

     xi.            Dhakar, R., Chandran, M.A.S., Nagar, S., Kumari, V.V., Subbarao, A.V.M., Bal, S.K. and P. Kumar P.V. (2018). Field crop response to water deficit stress: Assessment through crop models. Advances in Crop Environment Interaction, 11: 287-315.

   xii.            Edwards, S. and Araya, H. (2009). The Tigray Project: organic agriculture with smallholder farmers in a mountainous environment. Ecology & Farming, 28-30.

 xiii.            Gudugi, I.A.S, Odofin, A.J, Adeboye, M.K.A and Oladiran, J.A. (2012). Agronomic characteristics of tomato as influenced by irrigation and mulching. Advances in Applied Science Research, 3(5): 2539-2543.

 xiv.            Ibrahim, M.M., Mahmoud, E.K. and Ibrahim, D.A. (2015). Effects of vermicompost and water treatment residuals on soil physical properties and wheat yield. International Agrophysics, 29, 157-164.

   xv.            Iwasaki, Y. (2008). Root zone aeration improves growth and yields of coir-cultured straw berry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) during summer. Acta Horticulturae, 779: 251-254.

 xvi.            Lal, R. (1986). Conversion of tropical rainforest: Agronomic potential and ecological consequencies. Advances in Agronomy, 39: 173-263.

xvii.            Morard, P., Lacoste, L. and Silvestre J. (2000). Effect of oxygen deficiency on uptake of water and mineral nutrients by tomato plants in soilless culture. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23(8):1063-1078.

xviii.            Prihar, S.S., Gajri, P.R. and Arora, V.K. (1985). Nitrogen fertilization of wheat under limited water supplies. Fertilizer Research, 8:1-8.

 xix.            Rajanna, G.A., Dass, A. and Paramesha, V. (2018). Excess Water Stress: Effects on Crop and Soil, and Mitigation Strategies. Popular Kheti, 6(3): 48-53.

   xx.            Saragoni, H., Olivier, R. and Poss, R. (1991). Dynamique et lixiviation des éléments minéraux. Agronomie Tropicale. 45(4): 259-273.

 xxi.            Schnitzer, M. (1982).  Total carbon, organic matter, and carbon. In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part II. Page, A.L. (Ed.). Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison. Part 2, Agronomy Monograph, 9, 2nd ed., WI. 539 – 577.

xxii.            Zotarelli, L., Scholberg, J.M., Dukes, M. D., Munoz Carpena, R. and Icerman, J. (2009). Tomato yield, biomass accumulation, root distribution and irrigation water use efficiency on a sandy soil, as affected by nitrogen rate and irrigation scheduling. Agricultural water management, 9(6), 23-34.

Cite this Article: