Phenotyping for Physiological Traits Related to Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Wheat
The application of excessive amounts of different nitrogen fertilizers have been affecting the environment through leaching to soil, nitrous oxide emissions due to denitrification, and fossil fuels burning during manufacture and application of the fertilizer. In the meantime, the demand for wheat grain yield increased due to the rapid population growth, consequently production per area has to increase. The majority of modern wheat cultivars that has been planted to fulfill this demand for decades require high amount of nitrogen fertilizers in order to give their maximum yield potential. Exploring for cultivars with physiological traits related to high nitrogen-use efficiency through phenotyping might reduce the environmental impact of nitrogen fertilizers. Crop phenotyping presents important means to explore the physiological principles involved in the control of basic plant functions as well as for selecting superior genotypes. The objective of this paper is to increase knowledge on the phenotypic methods used in selection for nitrogen-use efficiency in wheat, as improving nitrogen-use efficiency became a key factor to sustainably ensure global production increase
Nitrogen use efficiency, wheat, phenotyping, physiological traits
i. Ali, A.M. and Ibrahim, S.M., 2019. Wheat grain yield and nitrogen uptake prediction using atLeaf and GreenSeeker portable optical sensors at jointing growth stage. Information Processing in Agriculture.
ii. Bogard, M., Jourdan, M., Allard, V., Martre, P., Perretant, M.R., Ravel, C., Heumez, E., Orford, S., Snape, J., Griffiths, S. and Gaju, O., 2011. Anthesis date mainly explained correlations between post-anthesis leaf senescence, grain yield, and grain protein concentration in a winter wheat population segregating for flowering time QTLs. Journal of experimental botany, 62(10), pp.3621-3636.
iii. Cabrera-Bosquet, L., Molero, G., Stellacci, A., Bort, J., Nogues, S. and Araus, J., 2011. NDVI as a potential tool for predicting biomass, plant nitrogen content and growth in wheat genotypes subjected to different water and nitrogen conditions. Cereal Research Communications, 39(1), pp.147-159.
iv. Cabrera-Bosquet, L., Albrizio, R., Araus, J.L. and Nogués, S., 2009. Photosynthetic capacity of field-grown durum wheat under different N availabilities: A comparative study from leaf to canopy. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 67(1), pp.145-152.
v. Carmo-Silva, E., Andralojc, P.J., Scales, J.C., Driever, S.M., Mead, A., Lawson, T., Raines, C.A. and Parry, M.A., 2017. Phenotyping of field-grown wheat in the UK highlights contribution of light response of photosynthesis and flag leaf longevity to grain yield. Journal of Experimental Botany, 68(13), pp.3473-3486.
vi. Carmo‐Silva, E., Scales, J.C., Madgwick, P.J. and Parry, M.A., 2015. Optimizing Rubisco and its regulation for greater resource use efficiency. Plant, Cell & Environment, 38(9), pp.1817-1832.
vii. Carpenter, S.R., Caraco, N.F., Correll, D.L., Howarth, R.W., Sharpley, A.N. and Smith, V.H., 1998. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecological applications, 8(3), pp.559-568.
viii. Cormier, F., Foulkes, J., Hirel, B., Gouache, D., Moënne‐Loccoz, Y. and Le Gouis, J., 2016. Breeding for increased nitrogen‐use efficiency: a review for wheat (T. aestivum L.). Plant Breeding, 135(3), pp.255-278.
ix. Cossey, D.A., Thomason, W.E., Mullen, R.W., Wynn, K.J., Woolfolk, C.W., Johnson, G.V. and Raun, W.R., 2002. Relationship between ammonium and nitrate in wheat plant tissue and estimated nitrogen loss. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25(7), pp.1429-1442.
x. United Nations, 2019. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights.
xi. Driever, S.M., Lawson, T., Andralojc, P.J., Raines, C.A. and Parry, M.A.J., 2014. Natural variation in photosynthetic capacity, growth, and yield in 64 field-grown wheat genotypes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65(17), pp.4959-4973.
xii. Erisman, J.W., Galloway, J., Seitzinger, S., Bleeker, A. and Butterbach-Bahl, K., 2011. Reactive nitrogen in the environment and its effect on climate change. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3(5), pp.281-290.
xiii. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAOSTAT Statistical Database. [Rome]: FAO, 2020. [online] available from. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/?#data/QC/visualize
xiv. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO. 2019. World fertilizer trends and outlook to 2022. Rome.
xv. Foulkes, M.J., Hawkesford, M.J., Barraclough, P.B., Holdsworth, M.J., Kerr, S., Kightley, S. and Shewry, P.R., 2009. Identifying traits to improve the nitrogen economy of wheat: recent advances and future prospects. Field Crops Research, 114(3), pp.329-342.
xvi. Fowler, D., Coyle, M., Skiba, U., Sutton, M.A., Cape, J.N., Reis, S., Sheppard, L.J., Jenkins, A., Grizzetti, B., Galloway, J.N. and Vitousek, P., 2013. The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368(1621), p.20130164.
xvii. Gaju, O., DeSilva, J., Carvalho, P., Hawkesford, M.J., Griffiths, S., Greenland, A. and Foulkes, M.J., 2016. Leaf photosynthesis and associations with grain yield, biomass and nitrogen-use efficiency in landraces, synthetic-derived lines and cultivars in wheat. Field Crops Research, 193, pp.1-15.
xviii. Gaju, O., Allard, V., Martre, P., Snape, J.W., Heumez, E., LeGouis, J., Moreau, D., Bogard, M., Griffiths, S., Orford, S. and Hubbart, S., 2011. Identification of traits to improve the nitrogen-use efficiency of wheat genotypes. Field Crops Research, 123(2), pp.139-152.
xix. Garnett, T.P. and Rebetzke, G.J., 2013. Improving crop nitrogen use in dryland farming: interactions and potential trade-offs between water-and nutrient-use efficiency. Improving water and nutrient-use efficiency in food production systems, p.123.
xx. Ghanem, M.E., Marrou, H. and Sinclair, T.R., 2015. Physiological phenotyping of plants for crop improvement. Trends in Plant Science, 20(3), pp.139-144.
xxi. Ghorbani, A., Mossivand, A.M. and Ouri, A.E., 2012. Utility of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for land/canopy cover mapping in Khalkhal County (Iran). Annals of Biological Research, 3(12), pp.5494-5503.
xxii. Gianquinto, G., Orsini, F., Pennisi, G. and Bona, S., 2019. Sources of Variation in Assessing Canopy Reflectance of Processing Tomato by Means of Multispectral Radiometry. Sensors, 19(21), p.4730.
xxiii. Haile, D., Nigussie, D. and Ayana, A., 2012. Nitrogen use efficiency of bread wheat: Effects of nitrogen rate and time of application. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition, 12(3), pp.389-410.
xxv. Li, L., Zhang, Q. and Huang, D., 2014. A review of imaging techniques for plant phenotyping. Sensors, 14(11), pp.20078-20111.
xxvi. Ling, Q., Huang, W. and Jarvis, P., 2011. Use of a SPAD-502 meter to measure leaf chlorophyll concentration in Arabidopsis thaliana. Photosynthesis research, 107(2), pp.209-214.
xxvii. Liu, J., Li, J., Ma, Y., Jia, Y. and Liang, Q., 2018. Apparent Accumulated Nitrogen Fertilizer Recovery in Long-Term Wheat–Maize Cropping Systems in China. Agronomy, 8(12), p.293.
xxviii. Lu, Q., Lu, C., Zhang, J. and Kuang, T., 2002. Photosynthesis and chlorophyll a fluorescence during flag leaf senescence of field-grown wheat plants. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159(11), pp.1173-1178.
xxix. Makino, A., 2011. Photosynthesis, grain yield, and nitrogen utilization in rice and wheat. Plant physiology, 155(1), pp.125-129.
xxx. Moll, R.H., Kamprath, E.J. and Jackson, W.A., 1982. Analysis and interpretation of factors which contribute to efficiency of nitrogen utilization 1. Agronomy journal, 74(3), pp.562-564.
xxxi. Moriondo, M., Maselli, F. and Bindi, M., 2007. A simple model of regional wheat yield based on NDVI data. European Journal of Agronomy, 26(3), pp.266-274.
xxxii. Murchie, E.H. and Lawson, T., 2013. Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis: a guide to good practice and understanding some new applications. Journal of experimental botany, 64(13), pp.3983-3998.
xxxiii. Noulas, C., Herrera, J.M., Tziouvalekas, M. and Qin, R., 2018. Agronomic assessment of nitrogen use efficiency in spring wheat and interrelations with leaf greenness under field conditions. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 49(7), pp.763-781.
xxxv. Pathak, R.R., Lochab, S. and Raghuram, N., 2011. Improving plant nitrogen-use efficiency.
xxxvi. Raun, W.R. and Johnson, G.V., 1999. Improving nitrogen use efficiency for cereal production. Agronomy journal, 91(3), pp.357-363.
xxxvii. Ratanoo, R., Kumar, S., Dhaka, A.K. and Rolaniya, L., 2018. Precision nitrogen management based on NDVI and in-season estimates of response index in wheat. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., 7, pp.390-399.
xxxviii. Reena, V.C. Dhyani, Sumit Chaturvedi and Himansu Sekhar Gouda. 2017. Growth, Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Wheat as Influenced by Leaf Colour Chart and Chlorophyll Meter Based Nitrogen Management. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(12), 1696-1704.
xxxix. Reynolds, M., Chapman, S., Crespo-Herrera, L., Molero, G., Mondal, S., Pequeno, D.N., Pinto, F., Pinera-Chavez, F.J., Poland, J., Rivera-Amado, C. and Saint Pierre, C., 2020. Breeder friendly phenotyping. Plant Science, p.110396.
xl. Reynolds, M.P., Pask, A.J.D. and Mullan, D.M., 2012. Physiological breeding I: interdisciplinary approaches to improve crop adaptation. CIMMYT.
xli. Reynolds, M., Dreccer, F. and Trethowan, R., 2007. Drought-adaptive traits derived from wheat wild relatives and landraces. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58(2), pp.177-186.
xliii. Savci, S., 2012. An agricultural pollutant: chemical fertilizer. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 3(1), p.73.
xliv. Snyder, C.S., Bruulsema, T.W., Jensen, T.L. and Fixen, P.E., 2009. Review of greenhouse gas emissions from crop production systems and fertilizer management effects. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 133(3-4), pp.247-266.
xlv. Sultana, S.R., Ali, A., Ahmad, A., Mubeen, M., Zia-Ul-Haq, M., Ahmad, S., Ercisli, S. and Jaafar, H.Z., 2014. Normalized difference vegetation index as a tool for wheat yield estimation: a case study from Faisalabad, Pakistan. The Scientific World Journal, 2014.
xlviii. Uddling, J., Gelang-Alfredsson, J., Piikki, K. and Pleijel, H., 2007. Evaluating the relationship between leaf chlorophyll concentration and SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter readings. Photosynthesis research, 91(1), pp.37-46.
xlix. Verma, V., Foulkes, M.J., Worland, A.J., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Caligari, P.D.S. and Snape, J.W., 2004. Mapping quantitative trait loci for flag leaf senescence as a yield determinant in winter wheat under optimal and drought-stressed environments. Euphytica, 135(3), pp.255-263.
l. Vian, A.L., Bredemeier, C., Turra, M.A., Giordano, C.P.D.S., Fochesatto, E., Silva, J.A.D. and Drum, M.A., 2018. Nitrogen management in wheat based on the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Ciência Rural, 48(9).
li. Walter, A., Liebisch, F. and Hund, A., 2015. Plant phenotyping: from bean weighing to image analysis. Plant methods, 11(1), p.14.
lii. Wang, X., Wang, L. and Shangguan, Z., 2016. Leaf gas exchange and fluorescence of two winter wheat varieties in response to drought stress and nitrogen supply. PLoS One, 11(11).
liii. Xu, G., Fan, X. and Miller, A.J., 2012. Plant nitrogen assimilation and use efficiency. Annual review of plant biology, 63, pp.153-182.
liv. Yao, X., Yao, X., Jia, W., Tian, Y., Ni, J., Cao, W. and Zhu, Y., 2013. Comparison and intercalibration of vegetation indices from different sensors for monitoring above-ground plant nitrogen uptake in winter wheat. Sensors, 13(3), pp.3109-3130.
lv. Zhang, H., Turner, N.C. and Poole, M.L., 2012. Increasing the harvest index of wheat in the high rainfall zones of southern Australia. Field Crops Research, 129, pp.111-123.
lvi. Zhu, X.G., Long, S.P. and Ort, D.R., 2010. Improving photosynthetic efficiency for greater yield. Annual review of plant biology, 61, pp.235-261.
lvii. ?iv?ák, M., Olšovská, K., Slamka, P., Galambošová, J., Rataj, V., Shao, H.B. and Bresti?, M., 2015. Application of chlorophyll fluorescence performance indices to assess the wheat photosynthetic functions influenced by nitrogen deficiency. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60(5), pp.210-215.Cite this Article: