A Review of Current Status of Agricultural Mechanization in Nigeria.

Author(s)

Opadotun, O.O , Ozumba, I.C , Ogunjirin, O.A , Iorpev, T , Kang, S ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 04-26 | Views: 993 | Downloads: 562 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3483262

Volume 3 - February 2019 (02)

Abstract

Agricultural mechanization is the harnessing, controlling and organising all inputs of production such as land, capital, labour, as well as research, education, communication/information, and engineering/technology in agricultural practices (Asoegwu and Asoegwu, 2007). It embraces the use of tools, implements, and machines for agricultural land development, crop production, harvesting, and preparation for storage, storage, and on-farm processing. With enormous advantages obtainable from it and its attendant effect on the wellbeing of the people, Nigeria is lagging behind in fully mechanizing her agricultural sector. This is due to much neglect of the sector by the private sector leaving most investment in the hands of a government. Also, lack of clear cut policies on agricultural mechanization and the inability of successive governments to continue with some good policies of former administrations has reduced mechanizing Nigerian agriculture to mere lip service, therefore affecting the output of this sector. Though the present government is building on the gains of former administration’s policies on agriculture, more still need to be done to put the nation on the right path of becoming self-sufficient and exporter of agricultural products (either agro-raw materials or processed products). This paper holistically looks at the current status of agricultural mechanization, its prospects, and challenges. Hence, proffering a way forward to them

Keywords

Agriculture, Challenges, Importance, Mechanization, Policies, and Status.  

References

                        i.            Aboaba, F. O. (1977). Engineering in the Production of Food. Inaugural Lecture Delivered at the University of Ibadan. 11th June. University of Ibadan Press, Ibadan.

      ii.            Akande, L.O. (2009). Effects of Agricultural Mechanization on environmental Management in Nigeria: An overview, J. Pure Sci. Sci. Edu. 4(2): 101-118.

    iii.            Akinbamowo R. O. (2013). A Review of Government Policy on Agricultural Mechanization in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. Vol.5 (8), pp. 146-153.

     iv.            Asoegwu S. and A. Asoegwu (2007). “An Overview of Agricultural Mechanization and Its Environmental Management in Nigeria”. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR E-journal. Invited Overview No. 6. Vol. IX, pp1.

       v.            Ayoola, G. B. (2001). Essays on the Agricultural Economy 1: A Book of Readings on Agricultural Development Policy and Administration in Nigeria. TMA Publishers, Ibadan.

     vi.            Clarke, L.J. and T. Simalenga (1997). Farm Mechanisation and Strategy Formulation in East and Southern Africa in Proceedings of FAO/FARMESA Regional Workshop, 30 September. Retrieved December 3, 2006.

   vii.            Consultancy, Research and Information Technology Department (CRIT). (2012). Issues in Mechanized Farming in Nigeria. Industrial Training Fund (ITF) Headquarters, Jos. April, 2012.

 viii.            Enaboifo, M. A. and J. O. Anerua-Yakubu (2014). Mechanization Strategies for Increased Agricultural Production in Edo State Nigeria: A Review. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 10(1):41-43.

     ix.            FAO, 2010: Nigeria at a Glance. Available Online: www.fao.org>nigeria>nigeria-at-a-glance.  Retrieved on 11th June, 2018.

       x.            Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2016). The Agriculture Promotion Policy (2016 – 2020). Available online on www.fmard.gov.ng. Accessed 16th March, 2017.

     xi.            Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2007). “New Agricultural Policy Thrust”. Available online on www.fmard.gov.ng. Accessed 10th March, 2016.

   xii.            Iheanacho, A. C., Olukosi, J. O. and A. O. Ogungbile (2003). Economic efficiency of resource use in millet based cropping systems in Borno State of Nigeria, Nigerian Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2: 33 - 42.

 xiii.            International Trade Administration (ITA) (2016). Nigeria agricultural          machinery: market overview and trade data. Available online: www.export.gov/apex. Retrieved 20th June, 2017.

 xiv.            Itodo I. N. (2016). Harnessing Renewable Energy for Sustainable Agricultural Production in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 37th National Conference and Annual General Meeting of the Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers held at Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria, October 4th - 7th 2016. Pp 18-19.

   xv.            Kasali, M.Y. (2018). Present Status and Future Prospects of Agricultural Machinery Research Activities in Nigeria. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA). Special Issue: Agricultural Mechanization and Industry in Africa. Vol.49, No.2, spring 2018.pp.135-149.

 xvi.            Kaul, R. N. and C. O. Egbo (1992). Introduction to Agric Mechanization. Published by the Macmillan Press Ltd. London.

xvii.            Living Standard Measurement Study (LSMS) (2010). Integrated Survey on Agriculture, pp.247.

xviii.            Mabayoje, L. (2017). Mechanization in Nigeria: Yesterday, Today and the Future. Pp.1-8.

 xix.            Musa, H. T. (1988). Animal power utilization in Nigeria. A paper presented at the pastoralism Conference. National Animal Research Institute. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

   xx.            NAS. (2018). Agricultural Mechanization – History Part 1. Available online: www.greatachievements.org/?id=3783. Retrieved 20th June, 2017.

 xxi.            National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), (2017). Nigerian Gross Domestic Product Report, November, 2017. Retrieved from: www.nbs.gov.ng on 2nd may, 2018.

xxii.            Nehemiah, C, (2015). Five Decades of Agricultural Policies in Nigeria: What Roles Has Statistics Played? Available online on www.studentsdiary.net/termpaper. Retrieved 17/3/2018.

xxiii.            Nwosu, A. C. (1989). Agricultural Mechanization in Nigeria. Assessing the Strategies and Technologies for Land Preparation. Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research Monograph Series No. 2. pp.5.

xxiv.            Odigbo, E. U. and A. P. Onwualu (1994). Mechanization of Agriculture in Nigeria: A critical Appraisal. Journal of Agricultural Technology 2(2):1-37.

xxv.            Olaoye, J. O. and A. O. Rotimi (2010). Measurement of Agricultural Mechanization Index and Analysis of Agricultural Productivity of some Farm Settlement in South-West, Nigeria. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR E-journal. Manuscript 1372. Vol. XII, Jan, 2010.

xxvi.            Omofunmi, O.E and A.M. Olaniyan (2018). Present Status and Future Prospects of Farm Mechanization and Agricultural Machinery Industry in Nigeria. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA). Special Issue: Agricultural Mechanization and Industry in Africa. Vol.49, No.2, Spring 2018.pp.118-124.

xxvii.            Oni, K. C. (2004). The roles of Research Institutes, Government, and the Private Sector in Maximizing Social and Economic Benefits from Public Investment in Research  Development (R&D) in Nigeria: The Way Forward. Invited paper presented at IPG- sponsored Workshop on commercialization of RED Results of FIRRO, NBRRI PRODA, SEDI – E, SEDI – M and NCAM, Abuja, 29th June, 2004; pp.35.

xxviii.            Onwualu, A. P. and N. P. Pawa. (2004). engineering infrastructure for the manufacture of agricultural engineering machines in Nigeria: The role of NASENI. Proc. 2nd International Conference of the West African Society of Agricultural Engineering, Kumasi, Ghana. 20- 24 Sept., 2004.

xxix.            Othman, M. K. (2017). Improving Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis of the Theoretical and Practical Perspectives. Paper presented at the 2017 ASABE Annual International Meeting in Spokane, Washington, USA held 16-19, July 2017. Pp.1-12.

xxx.            Pawlak, J., D. Pellizzi, and M. Fiala (2002). On the Development of Agricultural Mechanization to Ensure a Long-Term World Food Supply. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Journal of Scientific Research and Development. Invited Overview Paper. Vol. IV.

xxxi.            Sahel, (2017). Nigeria’s Mechanisation Landscape. Vol. 17. Pp 1-9.

xxxii.            Simalenga, T. E. (2000). Entrepreneurship Mechanized Agriculture Technology Oriented Operations. Agric Mech. J. (AMA) 31(3). Pp. 61-68.

xxxiii.            Takeshima, H and S. Salau (2010). Agricultural Mechanization for Smallholder Farmers in Nigeria. IFPRI Nigeria Strategy Support Program Policy Note 22. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, pp. 231-238.

xxxiv.            Takeshima, H, A.N. Pratt, and X. Diao (2013b). Agricultural Mechanization patterns in Nigeria, Insights from House Farm Household Typology and Agricultural Household Model Simulation, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC. pp.3-6.

xxxv.            Utaku, A. C. (2005). A Survey of Mechanization Problem of the Small-Scale Farmers in a Cross-Section of Nigeria. Proceedings of the Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers (NIAE). Yenogoa, Vol. 27:400-403.

xxxvi.            World Bank group, (2012). Fadama Project Turns Nigerian Farmers into Agro-preneurs. Available online on www.worldbank.org. Retrieved 10th March, 2014.

xxxvii.            www.export.gov. Accessed 21/03/2017.

xxxviii.            Yusuf, V. A. (2014). Nigeria Needs 746,666 Tractors. Daily Trust Newspaper. Available online: www.dailytrust.com. Retrieved 12th June, 2018.

Cite this Article: