Promotion of Traditional African Vegetables (TAV) in Cameroon: the Need for a Post-Harvest Loss Reduction Strategy.
Traditional African vegetables (TAV) receive little research attention despite their economic potential, their role in ensuring food and nutritional security, and their cultural acceptance. The enhancement of the TAV system requires the characterization of the different actors involved in the sector and their interaction. The objective of the study is to identify and analyze constraints for innovation in the TAV system in Cameroon. Data on TAV value chain actors was collected through focus group discussions held with a mixed group of producers purposively selected in the South and the Southwest regions of Cameroon. Venn diagram was used to identify actors who have a direct or indirect relation with producers. The actors identified as directly active in the TAV value chain were invited to a one-day multi-stakeholder participatory workshop in each of the sites. The study revealed that the TAV value chain is short and still poorly developed. Only five main actors interacting directly were identified: producers, Bayam Sellam (retailers), agro-dealers, consumers and transporters. All the actors identified the ignorance of storage and processing techniques as the main constraint for innovation in the TAV system. One solution to solve the constraint is the value chain based innovation platform which was set up as a result of the research action process. The reduction of TAV post-harvest losses is thus the entry point of this TAV based value chain innovation platform. The general objective of the IP was to reduce post-harvest losses of the members by 20 % within 3 years by specifically increase the income of at least 80 % of IP actors by at least 20 % and enhance TAVs available on the market at all seasons.Being very perishable, TAVs¶TAV are often sold at a loss during the season of availability, hence the need for appropriate postharvest loss reduction strategy
Cameroon, Traditional African vegetables, Innovation platform, Post-harvest losses
- Afari-Sefa, V., Tenkouano, A., Ojiewo, C. O., Keatinge, J. D. H., & d’A. Hughes, J. 2012. Vegetable breeding in Africa: constraints, complexity and contributions toward achieving food and nutritional security. Food Security. doi:10.1007/s12571-011-0158-8.
- Chagomoka, T., Afari-sefa, V., & Pitoro, R. (2014). Value Chain Analysis of Traditional Vegetables from Malawi and Mozambique. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 17(4), 59–86.
- Issaka B.Y., Tenkouano A., Kamga R.T. 2016. Improving the resilience of agricultural systems through innovation platforms: creating space for farmer participation in research. Ghana Journal of Science, Technology and Development. Vol. 4, Issue 2
- Keatinge, J. D. H., Wang, J. F., Dinssa, F. F., Ebert, A. W., Hughes, J. D. A., Stoilova, T., … Ravishankar, M. (2015). Indigenous vegetables worldwide: Their importance and future development. Acta Horticulturae, 1102(November), 1–20. http://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1102.1.
- Kebebe, E.G.. 2015. Understanding factors affecting technology adoption in smallholder livestock production systems in Ethiopia The role of farm resources and the enabling environment. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen. Retrieved from http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/wurpubs/fulltext/345252
- Kouame, C. 2013. Evaluation des pertes post-recolte dans la chaine de production et de commercialisation des legumes feuilles traditionnels a yaounde, 25(1), 61–70.
- Parkouda, C., Ba/Hama, F., Tenkouano, A., Kamga, R. & Diawara, B. 2016. Les Bonnes Pratiques d’Hygiene (BPH) et Les Bonnes Pratiques de Fabrication (BPF)/ Good Hygiene Practices (GHP) and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center. Shanhua, Taiwan. Publication 14-779. 106 p
- Siegel KR, Ali MK, Srinivasiah A, Nugent RA, Narayan KMV (2014) Do We Produce Enough Fruits and Vegetables to Meet Global Health Need? PLoS ONE 9(8): e104059. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104059
- Schut, M., Rodenburg, J., Klerkx, L., van Ast A., & Bastiaans, L. 2014. “Systems Approaches to Innovation in Crop Protection. A Systematic Literature Review.” Crop Protection 56 (February). Elsevier Ltd: 98–108. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017.
- World Bank. 2012. Agricultural innovation systems: an investment sourcebook. Washington DC, 684p. DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8684-2.