Please Wait! Your file will start to download within 10 seconds automatically. Otherwise click here Download

Potential Antifungal Compound from Gliricidia Maculate Leaf Extract Against Phatogenic Fungi (Colletothricum capsici, Fusarium oxysporum and Cercospora capsici) on Chili Pepper


Ifan Aulia Candra , syahbudin Hasibuan , Yogi Pranata , Maimunah ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 111-117 | Views: 220 | Downloads: 83 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3710789

Volume 4 - February 2020 (02)


The reduction of Chili production has been witnessed over the decades due to pytopathogenic fungi infection. Most of the infection was affected by Colletothricum capsici, Fusarium oxysporum and Cercospora capsici. Leaf extract of Gliricidia maculate contains active compound promising for altering synthetic fungicide. The secondary metabolite extracted from Gliricidia maculate Leaf suspected to be potential for bio fungicide.  The aim of study was to investigate antifungal activity of Gliricidia maculate leaf extract for pathogenic fungal. Active compound was measured following Non Factorial Complete Random Design under various concentrations (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100%) with 3 replications. the suppression process was observed from 20% of leaf extract against Colletothricum capsici, Fusarium oxysporum and Cercospora capsici with the inhibitory percentage of 82.49% against Colletothricum capsici while 40% of leaf extract for 84.67% and 87.73% against Fusarium oxysporum and Cercospora capsici respectively. The concentration of 20% gamal leaf extract and 40% of the inhibition of each fungus was equivalent to the Benlox 50 WP synthetic fungicide. Gliricidia maculate Leaf extract showed the suppression activity toward pathogenic fungi infection in Chilli pepper.


Leaf extract, Secondary metabolites, Suppression activity, Bio-fungicide


i.        Astuti R. (2019). Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Kulit Jengkol (Pithecellobium Jiringa) Sebagai Biofungisida Terhadap Penyebab Penyakit Layu Fusarum (Fusarium Oxysporum), Antraknosa (Colletotrichum Capsici) dan Bercak Daun (Cercospora Capsici) pada Tanaman Cabai Merah (Capsicum Annum L.) Secara In-Vitro. Universitas Medan Area,

ii.      Bussaman P, Namsena P, Rattanasena P, and  Chandrapatya A. (2012). Effect of Crude Leaf Extracts on Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Sacc. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, 2012.

iii.    Devi HS, Boda MA, Shah MA, Parveen S, and  Wani AH. (2019). Green synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles using Platanus orientalis leaf extract for antifungal activity. Green Processing and Synthesis, 8(1), 38-45.

iv.     Duncan DB. (1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11(1), 1-42.

v.       Elansary HO, Salem MZ, Ashmawy NA, Yessoufou K, and  El-Settawy AA. (2017). In vitro antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of Eucalyptus spp. leaf extracts related to phenolic composition. Natural product research, 31(24), 2927-2930.

vi.     Ferniah RS, Kasiamdari RS, Priyatmojo A, and  Daryono BS. (2018). Resistance Response of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) F1 to Fusarium oxysporum Involves Expression of the CaChi2 Gene. Tropical life sciences research, 29(2), 29.

vii.   Ferniah RS, Pujiyanto S, and  Kusumaningrum HP. (2018). Indonesian red chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) capsaicin and its correlation with their responses to pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum. NICHE Journal of Tropical Biology, 1(2), 7-12.

viii. Gurjar MS, Ali S, Akhtar M, and  Singh KS. (2012). Efficacy of plant extracts in plant disease management.

ix.     Ito S-i, Ihara T, Tamura H, Tanaka S, Ikeda T, Kajihara H, Dissanayake C, Abdel-Motaal FF, and  El-Sayed MA. (2007). α‐Tomatine, the major saponin in tomato, induces programmed cell death mediated by reactive oxygen species in the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. FEBS letters, 581(17), 3217-3222.

x.       Marjoni R. (2016). Dasar-Dasar Fitokimia. Jakarta: Trans info media.

xi.     Middleton E, Kandaswami C, and  Theoharides TC. (2000). The effects of plant flavonoids on mammalian cells: implications for inflammation, heart disease, and cancer. Pharmacological reviews, 52(4), 673-751.

xii.   Mukherjee A, Khandker S, Islam M, and  Shahid S. (2011). Efficacy of some plant extracts on the mycelial growth of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 9(452-2016-35745), 43-47.

xiii. Oo MM, and  Oh S-K. (2016). Chilli anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.) disease and its management approach. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, 43(2), 153-162.

xiv. Pusztahelyi T, Holb IJ, and  Pócsi I. (2015). Secondary metabolites in fungus-plant interactions. Frontiers in plant science, 6, 573.

xv.   Rahman M, Ahmad SH, Mohamed MTM, and  Rahman MZA. (2011). Extraction of Jatropha curcas fruits for antifungal activity against anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) of papaya. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(48), 9796-9799.

xvi. Samanta A, Das G, and  Das SK. (2011). Roles of flavonoids in plants. Carbon, 100(6), 12-35.

xvii.           Saravanakumar P, Karthikeyan V, Patharajan S, and  Kannabiran B. (2011). Antifungal activity of Plumbago species against anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporidodes (Penz.) of chilli. Archives of phytopathology and plant protection, 44(3), 287-297.

xviii.         Sudirga SK, Suprapta DN, Sudana IM, and  Wirya I. (2014). Antifungal activity of leaf extract of Ficus septica against Colletotrichum acutatum the cause of anthracnose disease on chili pepper. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healtcare, 4, 28.

xix. Watson RR, and  Preedy VR. (2008). Botanical medicine in clinical practice: CABI.

xx.   Weston LA, andMathesius U. (2013). Flavonoids: their structure, biosynthesis and role in the rhizosphere, including allelopathy. Journal of chemical ecology, 39(2), 283-297.

Cite this Article: