Please Wait! Your file will start to download within 10 seconds automatically. Otherwise click here Download

Insect Pests Constraints to Pigeon pea [Cajanus Cajanus ( L.) Millsp] Production: Perspectives of Farmers in Benue, Kogi and Nasarawa States of Nigeria.


Aku, A. A ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 15-21 | Views: 354 | Downloads: 134 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3710759

Volume 4 - February 2020 (02)


Questionares were administered to 225 farmers selected from three Local Government Areas of Benue, Kogi and Nasarawa States for the purpose of appraising their knowledge about the economic impact of insect pest attack on the productivity of pigeonpea. The socio-economic characteristics of the farmers were documented to see to what extent these influenced perspectives. Across the three states, the majority of the farmers were middle-aged, literate (attended and /or complete Primary, Secondary School), cultivated 1-5 hectares, and had <5years experience in Benue State and 5-10 years’ experience in Kogi and Nasarawa States. Production was large to satisfy food requirement (64.0%), and secondarily for income or for the ancillary benefit of livestock feed. Nutritive value, yield, market value and adaptation to the environment were the more important determinants of varietal selection then resistance to insect pests. Insect accorded major pest status included aphids, (Aphis craccivora), thrips, (Megalurothrips sjostedti), and Anoplocnemis curvipes. Most respondents (70%) agreed that late sowing accentuated insect damage just as intercropping with cereal (58% of respondents). It was only in Kogi state that a respondent claimed to use insecticide for insect control. The constraints to insecticidal control were high cost (40.0%). Lack of equipment (17.0%), lack of application skill (12.0%), and non-availability of insecticides (9.3%). Farmers-participatory research on crop loss assessment is to be encouraged to provide a premise for control action against economically-important insect pests of pigeonpea in Benue, Kogi, and the Nasarawa States


Pigeonpea, Farmer's perspective, Insect pests


i.        Asante, S.K., Tamo, M. and Jackai, L.E.N. (2001). Integrated management of cowpea insect pests using elite cultivars, dates of planting and minimum insecticide application. African Crop Science Journal. 9 (4):655-665.

ii.      Aku, A. A. and Ukwela, M. U. (2019). Survey of insect pests on pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Milps.] in relation to its stages of growth in Makurdi, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences.3 (5): 108-122.

iii.    Matterson, P.C.(1982). The effect of intercropping with cereal and minimal permethrin applications on insect pests of cowpea and their natural enemies in Nigeria. Tropical pest management 28(4):372-380.

iv.     Amoaka-Atta, Omolo, E.O. and Kidega, E.K. (1985). Influence of maize, cowpea and sorghum intercropping systems on stem/pod borer infestations. Insect Science and its Application 4(1/2):47-57.

v.       Jakai, L.E.N, (1995). Intergrated pest management of borers of cowpea and beans: mini review. Insect Science and its Application. 16(3/4):237-250

vi.     Dialoke, S.A., Agu, C.M., Ojioko, F.O., Onweremadu, E., Onyishi, G.O., OZOR, B.C., Ofor, M.O., Ibeachwuchi,H.,Chigbundu, I. N., Ngwata, A. A. and Ugwoke, F.O.(2010). Survey of insect pests of pigeonpea in Nigeria. Journal of  Agricultural Research 8:1-8

vii.   Dialoke, S.A., Emosairue, S.O., Egbo, E.O., Tobith, F.O. and Akalaza, J.N. (2012). The major insect pests species and their relative abundance on early maturing pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan( L.) Millsp), in agro-ecological zone of Imo state, Nigeria. Paper presented on the 43rd Annual conference of Entomological Society of Nigeria at University of Benin Edo State, Nigeria.

viii. Egbe, O.M. and Vange, T. (2008). Yield and agronomic characteristics of 30 genotype of pigeonpea at Otobi in Southern GiunraSavanna of Nigeria. Nature and Science 6(2):39-50.

ix.     Madang, A.D., Bonaventure, C.E. and Jerry, E.A. (2012). Field insect pests and crop damage assessment of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L .)Millsp) grown under ratoon and in mixture with maize. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 72(1):45-52.

x.       Amoako-Atta, B., Omolo, E. O. and Kidega, E. K. (1983). Influence of maize, cowpea and sorghum intercropping system on stem-/ pod borer infestations. Insect Science and its Application 4(1/2):47-57.

xi.     Olufemi, O.R and Odebiyi, T.A. (2001). The effect of intercropping with maize on the level of infestation and damage by pod-sucking bugs in cowpea. Crop Protection 20:367-372.

xii.   Odeny, D.A. (2007). The potential of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.)Millsp.) in Africa. Natural Resource Forum 3:297-305.

xiii. Mohammed, S. (2011). Effect of Zinc fertilizer application on the incidence of rice stem borers (Scirpophaga sp) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in rice (Oriza sativa L.) crop. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 2(5):61-65.

xiv. Hiba, A.A., Hassan, B.E., Hamida, A.D. and Abdel, M.C (2013). Biological control of striga hermotheca Del. Bendith; Screening for Bacteria scavenging strigol. American Journal of Biochemistry 3(4):89-92.

xv.   Asiwe, J. A. (2009). The impact of phosphate fertilizer as a pest management tactics in fourcowpea varieties. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(24):7184-7186.

xvi. Materu, M.E.A. (1970). Damage caused by Acanthomia tomentosicollis Stal and A. horrida Germar (Hemiotera: Coreidae). East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 35:429-435.

xvii.           Hillock, R.J., Minja, E., Mwage, A., Silim, N.M. and Subrahmanyam, P. (2000). Diseases and pests of pigeonpea in eastern Africa: A Review. International Journal of Pest Management 46(1):7-18.

xviii.         Shanower, T.G., Romeis. J. and Minja, E.M. (1999).Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management.Annual Review of Entomology. 44:77-96.

xix. Marimuthu, R., Siva, K. and Anto, C. (2012). A survey of insect pests of pigeonpea and their predators in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Agricultural Science 2(1):090-093.

xx.   Minja, E.M., Shanower, T.G., Songa, J.M., Ongaro, J.M., Mviha, P., Myaka, F.A. and Okurut-Akol, H. (1996). Pigeonpea seed damage from insect pests in farmers’ fields in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. Int. chickpea and pigeonpea Newsl. 3:97-98.

xxi. Minja, E.M., Shanower, T.G., Songa, J.M., Ong’aro, J.M., Kawonga, W.T., Mviha, F.A., Slumpa, S., Okurut-Akol, H. and Opiyo, C. (1999). Surveys of insect pest damage and pest management practices on pigeonpea in farmer’s fields in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 7(1):59-69.

xxii.           Srilaxmi, K. and Ravindra, P. (2010). Diversity of insect pests of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) and their succession in relation to crop phenology in Gulbarga, Karnaka. An international Journal of Environmental Science. 4(4): 273-276.

xxiii.         Okeyo-Owuuor, J.B. and Kamala, C.P.M. (1980). Insect pod borers of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan(L.) Millsp) and their influence on developing pods and final seed yield in Kenya. Kenya Journal of Science and Technology. 1, 79-86.

Cite this Article: