Qualitative Identification and Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Associated With Exotic Chickens (Gallus Gallus Domesticus) Slaughtered In Abakpa-Nike Market, Enugu South-East Nigeria


Kenneth Chika Agaba , Emmanuel Nnaemeka Uhuo ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 100-107 | Views: 262 | Downloads: 91 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3519717

Volume 3 - October 2019 (10)


The focus of the study was a qualitative identification and prevalence of intestinal parasites associated with exotic chicken breeds slaughtered in Abakpa-Nike market, Enugu, South-East Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of all the exotic chickens slaughtered in Abakpa-Nike market, Enugu, South-East Nigeria. The area of the study was Abakpa-Nike, Enugu, South-East Nigeria. A total of two hundred intestinal contents (samples) of exotic chickens slaughtered in the Abakpa-Nike market were used for the study. It comprised 100 intestinal contents (samples) from broilers and old layers respectively. Five assistants (slaughter table owners) were involved in collecting the samples. Direct smear, simple flotation and sedimentation methods were used to prepare the intestinal contents (samples) for microscopic examination for parasite eggs and oocysts. Direct microscopy was used to observe the samples for eggs and oocysts at 40-100× magnification. Intestinal parasites identified were nematodes and protozoa. Specifically, the nematodes identified were Ascardia galli and Heterakis gallinarum. The protozoon identified as Eimeria spp. The researchers concluded that exotic chickens slaughtered in Abakpa-Nike market, Enugu, South-East Nigeria were associated with intestinal parasites. The prevalence of intestinal parasites in the slaughtered exotic chickens was 60(30%). The prevalence of Ascaridia galli, Heterakis gallinarum and Eimeria spp were found to be 32(16%), 20(10%), and 8(4%), respectively. It was found that the prevalence of intestinal parasites was higher in broilers 32(32%) than in old layers 18(18%). Hence, the broilers are predisposed to intestinal parasite infection than the old layers. The researchers recommended that poultry farmers in Abakpa-Nike, Enugu State Nigeria should take adequate measures to control the parasites to avoid the consequences associated with the intestinal parasite infestation


Intestinal parasites, exotic chickens, broilers, old layers, prevalence, slaughter. 


                   i.                    Walle, G.V.D. (2018). 9 important functions of protein in your body. Healthline. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com

ii.                  Braizier, Y. (218). How much protein does a person need? MedicalNewsToday. Retrieved from www.medicalnewstoday.com

iii.                Yusuf, T. M., Tiamiyu, S. A. & Aliu, R. O. (2016). Financial analysis of poultry production in Kwara State, Nigeria. Africa Journal of Agricultural Production, 11(8), 718-723.

iv.                 Yusuf, O. E. S. (2012). A system analysis of the demand for animal protein in rural and urban Nigeria: A case study of Ibadan Metropolis. JORIND, 10(2), 208-213.

v.                   Klasing, K. C. (2005). Poultry nutrition: A comparative approach. J. Appl. Res., 14, 114-436.

vi.                 Al-Nasser, A., Al-Khalaifa, H., Al-Saffer, A., Khalil, F., Al-Bahouf, M., Ragheb, G, Al-Haddad, A. & Magshaly, M. (2007). World’s Poultry Science Journal, 63, 285-300.

vii.               Sahel Capital (2015). An assessment of Nigerian poutry sector (vol. 1). Sahel Capital Partners.

viii.             Permin, A. & Hansen, J. W. (1998). Epidemiology, diagnosis and control of poultry parasites. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 1-169.

ix.                 Njue, S. W., Ksiiti, J. L., Gusheru, S. G. & Mbugua (2001). A survey of the disease status of village chicken in Kenya livestock, community and environment. Proceedings of the 10th conference of the association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Copenhagan Denmark.

x.                   Adene, D. F. & Oguntade, A. E. (2006). The structure and importance of the commercial and village-based poultry systems in Nigeria. FAO, 1-110.

xi.                 Whitemarsh, S. (1997). Parasitic diseases (internal). Poultry Science.

xii.               MacDougald, L. R.(2008). Internal parasites. In Y. M.Saif et al. (eds). Dieseases of Poultry (1st ed.). Blackwell, 1056-1062.

xiii.             Ohaeri, C. C. & (2013). Helminthic parasites of domestic fowls in Ikwuano, Abia State Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences, 3(11), 1-5.

xiv.             Uhuo, A. C., Okafor, F. C., Odikammnoro, O. O., Onwe, C. S., Abarika, M. C. & Elom, J. N. (2013). Common gastrointestinal parasites of local chicken (gallus domesticus) slaughtered in some selectec eatry center in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State: Implication for meat quality. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 2(2), 1416-1422.

xv.               Idika, I. K., Obi, C. F., Eze, I. O., Iheagwa, C. N., Njoku, I. N. & Nwosu, C. O. (2016). Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of local chickens from selected communities in Nsukka region of South Eadt Nigeria. J. Parasit Dis., 40(4), 1376-1380.

xvi.             FoodNetwork (2016). Chicken. Retrieved from http://www.foodnetwork.com/topics/chicken.html

xvii.           Jacobs, R. D., Hogsette, J. A. & Butcher, G. D. (2015). Nematode Parasites of Poultry. University of Florida: Institute of Food and Agricultural Services, IFAS.

xviii.         Pourseinghholi, M. A., Vahedi, A., & Rahinzadeh, M. (2013). Sample size calculation in medical studies. Gastroentorology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench, 1-4.

xix.             Bormashenko, E. (2015). Surface tension supported floating of heavy objects: Why elongated bodies float better? Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 463(2016), 8-12.

xx.               Soulsby, E. J. I. (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domestic Animals. Bailliere Tindal publishers, 782-792.

xxi.             Jegede, O. C., Asadu, I. A., Opara, M., Obete, S. S. & Olayemi, D. O. (2015). Gastrointestinal parasitism in local and exotic breeds of chickens reared in Gwagwalada guinea savannah zone of Nigeria. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 13(3), 25-30.

xxii.           Saif, Y. M., Faldy, A. M., Glisson, J. R., Macgougald, L. R., Nolan, L. K. & Swayn, D. E. (eds.). (2008). Diseases of Poultry (1st ed.). Blackwell, 1056-1062.

xxiii.         Singh, L. J. & Meitei, N. M. (2015). Prevalence and intensity of infection of different Eimeria species in broiler chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus, from Imphal Manipur, India. Indian Journal of Applied Research, 5(4), 817-819.

Cite this Article: