Utilization of Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq) based on its Wood Anatomical Structure and Fiber Dimension

Author(s)

zakiah uslinawaty , Niken Pujirahayu , Nurhayati Hadjar , Nurnaningsih Hamzah , Abigael Kabe ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 95-99 | Views: 347 | Downloads: 145 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3519715

Volume 3 - October 2019 (10)

Abstract

Eha (Cartanopsis Buruana Miq) is one of the many species scattered in the forest of Southeast Sulawesi, which until now has been not much exploited by a community. This research is aimed at optimizing the use of Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq) based on anatomical structure and dimension of fibers. This research was conducted in the laboratory of the Forestry Department, Faculty of  Haluoleo University. This research methodology is a nested experimental design (variation vertical position) with four repetitions. Observed variables in the study include a vessel (diameter, number of the vessel, contents of cells and perforation field), the rays (height, width, number cell rays, and the cell types), fiber (length, lumen diameter, and fiber thickness). The results showed that Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq) has incredible small vessel diameter (1.73 µm), the number of a vessel is rather sparse (5.85 per mm2) in radial section. The wood vessels are solitary, the perforation field type is medium/ simple, and there is no tylosis. Rays of height average are outstanding short (302.222 µm). The average width of the rays, including the width (136.042 µm), the number of rays per mm is quite significant (8.817). Fiber dimensional quality of Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq) is categorized into the third class in terms of the value of wood fiber as raw materials for pulp and paper. Therefore, Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq) is more suitable for the construction material of the house, bridge, plank, pole, as well as ribs and is good to be shingles.

Keywords

Eha (Cartanopsis buruana Miq); vessel; rays; fiber dimension

References

i.        Basri, E., Rullianti, S., Saefuddin. (2007). Characteristics and Drying Quality of   Five Types of Wood from Garden Park Bogor. Journal of Research on the Forest Product. Vol.

ii.      25 (3): 241- 250. P3HH. Bogor (in Indonesian).

iii.    Boura, I., Pechon, T.L., Thomas, R. (2011). Wood Anatomy of The Mascarena dombeyoideae: systematic and ecological. IAWA. 32(4):493-519

iv.     Bowyer JL, Shmulsky R, Haygreen JG. 2003. Forest Products and Wood Science: An Introduction. Four Editions. Iowa: Iowa State Press.

v.       Gasson, P., Miller, R., Stekel, D.J., Whinder, F., Ziemnska, K.(2010).Wood Identification of Dalbergia nigra (cites appendix) Using Quantitative Wood Anatomy, Principal Component Analysis and Naïve Bayes Classification. Annual of Botany.105 (1):45-56.

vi.     Husein, N. 2004. Anatomy of Palele (Castanopsis Javanica). Journal of Science and Technology on Tropical Wood. 2.(2). 2004 (in Indonesian).

vii.   Pandit, I.K.N. and Dani, K. 2008. Structure and Characteristics of Wood as Raw Material and Diagnostic Characters of Trading Wood in Indonesia. Faculty of Forestry Bogor Agricultural Institute. Bogor ( in Indonesia).

viii.Ingeten, Sri. 2009. Fiber Dimension of Sludge Primer for Pulp and Paper Industry. Forestry Department. Faculty of Agriculture. University of North Sumatera. Medan (in Indonesian).

ix.   Iswanto, H. 2008. Anatomy Structures of Hard Woods and Soft Woods. Forestry Department. Faculty of Agriculture. University of North Sumatera. Medan (in Indonesian).

x.       Kasmudjo, 1998. Some Aspects of Wood Anatomy in Relation to the Quality of Pulp and Tree. Faculty of Forestry. UGM. Yogyakarta (in Indonesian).

xi.     Kurniawan, H. 2001. Analysis of Anatomy Structure and Fiber Dimension of Gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb). Forestry Department. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. University of Hasanuddin. Makassar.(in Indonesia)

xii.   Lempang, M and Asdar,M. 2011. Anatomy Structure, Physical Characters, and Mechanic of Palado (Aglaia SP). Board of Research and Development Bogor.(in Indonesia)

xiii. Moya, R., Tenorio, C., Meyer, I. 2012. Influence of Wood Antomy on Moisture Contant, Shrinkage, and During Defects in Vochysia Guatemalensis Donn Sm. Scientia Forestalis, Piracicaba, 4(94): 249- 258.

xiv. Panshin, A.J. and de Zeuw C.,1969. Text book of wood Technology, 3 rd. Mc Graw-Hill Book Co. New York. pp150-197.

xv.   Ridwan, M, 2013. Analisis Vegetasi di Taman Hutan Raya Nipa-Nipa Sulawesi Tenggara. Skripsi S1 Pada Fakultas Kehutanan dan Ilmu Lingkungan Universitas Haluoleo (in Indonesia)

xvi. Rowel, R.M., 2005. Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites. USA. CRC Press.

xvii. Santos, G.U.C.A., Callado, C.H.,Souza, M.D.C., Costa,C.G., 2013. IAWA Journal. 34(3): 313-323.

xviii.         Wahyudi, I. 2013. Relation of Anatomy Structure of Wood and Wood Characters, Function and Manufacture. June 2013. A paper presented on discussion at Research Institution of Wood Anatomy Indonesia, Bogor.(in Indonesia)

Cite this Article: