Diversity Of Natural Orchids And Their Habitat At The Lore Lindu National Park

Author(s)

Ahmad Yani , Muhammad Syaifuddin Nasrun , Ramadhanil , Wardah , Sri Ningsih Mallombasang , Rajindra , Rafiuddin ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 53-63 | Views: 362 | Downloads: 152 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3484483

Volume 3 - August 2019 (08)

Abstract

: This study aimed to understand the diversity of natural orchids, their habitat in the lowlands, Sub Mountain, mountain and alpine, as well as biotic and abiotic environment factors influenced the diversity of orchids at the Lore Lindu National Park. Methodology: This study was conducted in several locations at the Lore Lindu National Park by selecting places that represent various type of orchids growing in the lowland with an altitude of 600 m above the sea level, sub mountain of 1,000-1,500 m above the sea level, mountain of 1,500-2,000 m above the sea level and alpine of 2,000-2,600 m above the sea level. Those places were the lowland of Bobo village, the sub mountain of Kamarora, the mountain of  Danau Kalimpa’a and the alpine of Rore Katimbu. This study was conducted from November 2018 to April 2019. We employed vegetation analysis using the path-shaped method, the shape, and size of the observation path and its placement on each pioneering line if it meets the type of orchid. Results: Based on the identification results, we obtained 45 species of orchids with an abundance of 238 individuals and 26 orchid genera in each observation area. This results showed that variety of Spathoglottis plicata Bl., Arundina bambusifolia Lindl., Dendrobium stratiotes Rchb.f., Phaius tankervillae (Bl.).Lindl. were dominant types. Distribution of species from 45 species were identified as a whole, lowland areas and alpine areas have the same species diversity that was as many as 22 species (48.88%), then in the mountain area as many as 16 species variations (35.55%) and the rest in the area submountain as many as 12 species variations (26.66%). Conclusion: The (e) orchid evenness index in the Lore Lindu National Park area is categorized as having a moderate level of uniformity. Lore Lindu National Park found several types of orchids that have the potential as a source of germplasm, this type of orchid is one type of endemic orchids and includes rare orchids namely Grammatophyllum stapeliiflorum, Phaelaenopsis celebiensis  dan Bulbophyllum echinolabium, Coelogyne asperata Lindl, Coelogyne speciosa Lindl, Cymbidium finlaysonianum Lindl dan Phaius tankervillae (BL) Lindl.

Keywords

diversity, orchids, Lore Lindu National Park 

References

          i.        Altieri, M., & Nicholls, C. (2018). Biodiversity and pest management in agroecosystems. CRC Press.

ii.      Assédé, E. S. P., Djagoun, C. A. M. S., Azihou, F. A., Gogan, Y. S. C., Kouton, M. D., Adomou, A. C., … Sinsin, B. (2018). Efficiency of conservation areas to protect orchid species in Benin, West Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 116, 230–237.

iii.    Di Filippo, A., Biondi, F., Piovesan, G., & Ziaco, E. (2017). Tree ring-based metrics for assessing old-growth forest naturalness. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(3), 737–749.

iv.     He, C., Si, C., da Silva, J. A. T., Li, M., & Duan, J. (2019). Genome-wide identification and classification of MIKC-type MADS-box genes in Streptophyte lineages and expression analyses to reveal their role in seed germination of orchid. BMC Plant Biology, 19(1), 223.

v.       Jaffe, K., Pavis, C., Vansuyt, G., & Kermarrec, A. (2006). Ants Visit Extrafloral Nectaries of the Orchid Spathoglotis plicata Blume. Biotropica. https://doi.org/10.2307/2388656

vi.     Lin, C. S., Hsu, C. T., Liao, D. C., Chang, W. J., Chou, M. L., Huang, Y. T., … Shih, M. C. (2016). Transcriptome-wide analysis of the MADS-box gene family in the orchid Erycina pusilla. Plant Biotechnology Journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12383

vii.   Motomura, H., Selosse, M. A., Martos, F., Kagawa, A., & Yukawa, T. (2010). Mycoheterotrophy evolved from mixotrophic ancestors: Evidence in Cymbidium (Orchidaceae). Annals of Botany. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq156

viii. Muthukumar, T., & Shenbagam, M. (2018). Vegetative anatomy of the Orchid Bulbophyllum Sterile (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). Lankesteriana. https://doi.org/10.15517/lank.v18i1.32701

ix.     O’hanlon, J. C., Holwell, G. I., & Herberstein, M. E. (2014). Predatory pollinator deception: Does the orchid mantis resemble a model species? Current Zoology. https://doi.org/10.1093/czoolo/60.1.90

x.       Pornarong SIRIPIYASING. (2012). DNA barcoding of the Cymbidium species (Orchidaceae) in Thailand. African Journal of Agricultural Research. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar11.1434

xi.     Sánchez, E. P., Armenteras, D., & Retana, J. (2016). Edge influence on diversity of orchids in Andean cloud forests. Forests. https://doi.org/10.3390/f7030063

xii.   Stern, W. L., & Carlsward, B. S. (2009). Comparative vegetative anatomy and systematics of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00818.x

xiii. Su, C. L., Chen, W. C., Lee, A. Y., Chen, C. Y., Chang, Y. C. A., Chao, Y. T., & Shih, M. C. (2013). A modified ABCDE model of flowering in orchids based on gene expression profiling studies of the moth orchid Phalaenopsis aphrodite. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080462

xiv. Subekti, R. M., & Suroso, D. S. A. (2018). Ecological Footprint and Ecosystem Services Models: A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Carrying Capacity Calculation Approach in Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 158, p. 12026).

xv.   Suetsugu, K. (2014). Autonomous self-pollination and insect visitors in partially and fully mycoheterotrophic species of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae). Journal of Plant Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-014-0669-4

xvi. Teel, T. L., Anderson, C. B., Burgman, M. A., Cinner, J., Clark, D., Estévez, R. A., … others. (2018). Publishing social science research in Conservation Biology to move beyond biology. Conservation Biology, 32(1), 6–8.

xvii.                       Wu, P.-H., Chang, D. C. N., & Huang, D.-D. (2011). Mycorrhizal symbiosis enhances Phalaenopsis orchid’s growth and resistance to Erwinia chrysanthemi. African Journal of Biotechnology.

Cite this Article: