Finding Hibiscus sabdariffa L. crop coefficients Kc under irrigation in Tropical Savannah

Author(s)

Amadou Keita , Lassina Sanou , Dial Niang ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 72-76 | Views: 695 | Downloads: 140 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3484257

Volume 3 - June 2019 (06)

Abstract

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.is one of the most promising cash crops in African Tropical Savannah that needs production under irrigation in the dry season. The present study worked on the determination of the crop coefficient Kc and the growing stages required factors for the irrigation of Hibiscus, a plant providing a well-appreciated calyx used to produce a red beverage and for improving the taste of cakes. The crop coefficient Kc was calculated following a precise process. To begin with, an automatic weather station measured the six variables needed to compute the reference evapotranspiration ET0. Then, to scientifically ascertain the results, the study ran 9 lysimeters to determine the crop maximum evapotranspiration ETM. These 9 replications were filled with a unique well-drained loam. ETM was determined using the water-balance equation based on the measurements of irrigation I, drainage D and stock variation ΔS. Finally, the definition ETM?=?Kc·ET0 was applied. The results showed that the triplet {stage name; stage duration (days); crop coefficient (Kc)} values were respectively {initial; 30; 0.3±0.03}; {development; 37; 1.0±0.14}; {mid-season; 21; 1.7±0.09} and {late-season; 22; 1.5±0.05}. These results fill a knowledge gap about the production of Hibiscus under irrigation during the dry-season in Tropical Savannah

Keywords

Evapotranspiration; Roselle; Lysimeter; growing stages, Sahelian

References

? ? ? ??i.??????????? Adebayo-tayo, B.C., Samuel, U.A., 2009. Microbial quality and proximate composition of dried Hibiscus sabdariffa calyxes in Uyo, Eastern Nigeria. Mal. J. of Microb. 5, 13-18.

????? ii.??????????? Babatunde, F.E., Mofoke, A.L.E., 2006. Performance of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as Influenced by Irrigation Schedules. Pakis. J. of Nut. 5, 363-367.

??? iii.??????????? Barbier, B., Ouedraogo, H., Dembélé, Y., Yacouba, H., Barry, B., Jamin, J.-Y., 2011. Agriculture in the West-African Sahel. Cahiers Agric. 20, 24-33.

???? iv.??????????? Bennett, D.R., Harms, T.E., 2013. Crop Yield and Water Requirement Relationships for Major Irrigated Crops in Southern Alberta. Can. Wat. Res. J. 36, 159-170.

?????? v.??????????? Brouwer, C., Heibloem, M., 1986. Irrigation Water Management: Irrigation Water Needs Training Manual 3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

???? vi.??????????? Brown, M.J., Wright, J.L., Kohl, R.A., 1977. Onion-seed yield and quality as affected by irrigation management. Agron. J. 69, 369-372.

?? vii.??????????? Chin, K.L., 2012. Roselle hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as a niche market crop for product development J. of Food Proc. & Tech, 3, 22-32.

?viii.??????????? Da-Costa-Rocha, I., Bonnlaender, B., Sievers, H., Pischel, I., Heinrich, M., 2014. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. – A phytochemical and pharmacological review. Food Chem. 165, 424-443.

???? ix.??????????? El-Boraie, F.M., Gaber, A.M., Abdel-Rahman, G., 2009. Optimizing irrigation schedule to maximize water use efficiency of Hibiscus sabdariffa under shalatien conditions. World J. of Agric. Sci. 5, 504-514.

?????? x.??????????? Fabeku, B.B., Faleyimu, O.I., 2017. Drought impact assessment on vegetation over Sudano-Sahelian part of Nigeria. J. of Ap. Sci. and Env. Manag. 21, 1135-1142.

???? xi.??????????? Gebremedin, B.D., 2015. Influence of Variety and Plant Spacing on Yield and Yield Attributes of Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Sci. Tech. and Arts Res. J. 4.

?? xii.??????????? Hadebe, S.T., Modi, A.T., Mabhaudhi, T., 2017. Calibration and testing of AquaCrop for selected sorghum genotypes. Water SA 43, 209-221.

?xiii.??????????? Keita, A., Niang, D., Sanou, L., 2019. Producing Chrysanthellum indicum DC. (1836) on organic amended soil in dry-season: crop coefficient Kc and growing stages determination. International Journal Of Agriculture And Biological Sciences 2, 37-50.

?xiv.??????????? Keller, J., Karmeli, D., 1974. Trickle Irrigation Design Parameters. Transac. of Am. Soc. of Agric. Eng. 17, 678-684.

?? xv.??????????? Mohamed, B.B., Sulaiman, A.A., Dahab, A.A., 2012. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) in Sudan, cultivation and their uses. Bull. of Env.Pharm. and Life Sci. 1, 48-54.

?xvi.??????????? Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., McMahon, T.A., 2007. Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classi?cation. Hydrol. and Earth Sys. Sci. 11, 1633–1644.

xvii.??????????? Pereira, L.S., Allen, R.G., Smith, M., Raes, D., 2015. Crop evapotranspiration estimation with FAO56: Past and future. Agric. Water Manage. 147, 4-20.

xviii.??????????? Rekika, D., Caron, J., Rancourt, G.T., Lafond, J.A., Gumiere, S.J., Jenni, S., Gosselin, A., 2014. Optimal irrigation for onion and celery production and spinach seed germination in histosols. Agron. J. 106, 981-994.

?xix.??????????? Wilson, F.D., Menzel, M.Y., 1964. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). Econ. Bot. 18, 80-91.

Cite this Article: