Organic Fertilizers Use By Small Scale Vegetable Farmers in Ejusu-Juaben Municipality in Ashanti Region of Ghana

Author(s)

Martin Bosomepem , Frank Acheampong ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-09 | Views: 716 | Downloads: 277 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3484241

Volume 3 - June 2019 (06)

Abstract

The study examined the key factors that influence the use of organic fertilizers among vegetable farmers. Fifty (50) vegetable farmers from four communities in Ejusu-Juaben Municipality in the Ashanti Region of Ghana who had ever consciously used organic fertilizers on their farms were interviewed to understand the key factors that influence their use of organic fertilizer in vegetable farming. Even though the majority of the key informants who used organic fertilizers were of the view that it is available, affordable and improved the productivity and quality of vegetables produced significantly, only a few (12%) continued to apply it. The key reasons for continuous application by the farmers were that organic fertilizers last longer in the soil as compare to inorganic fertilizers, an increase in yield and quality of their produce. The main reasons given for discontinuance of the use of organic fertilizer include 1. unhygienic nature of the fertilizer, hence its association with pest and disease after the application, 2. less yield compared to inorganic fertilizers 3. Bulkiness during transportation and 4. Difficulty in its application. To improve the use of organic fertilizers in vegetable production, efforts by government and agro-processors should be directed at the processing and packaging of organic fertilizers for portability, hygiene, and ease of use. They should also create the necessary (including environmental and health) awareness on the importance of organic produce, and the policy support for certification and pricing of organic produce.

Keywords

Organic fertilizer use; small scale farmers, Vegetable farmers, Ghana

References

  1. Agyarko, K., & Adomako, W. J. (2007). Survey of the use of organic manure among vegetable
    1. farmers in selected districts in Ghana. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 9(4), 1-15.
  2. Aldrich, P.M. (1972): West African Agriculture (3rd edn.). Oxford University Press: Oxford.
  3. Antwi, E.L.K. Tsimese Appiah, B. K.  (1999). Small-scale composting for literature number 2.

     iv.            Dennison, E.B. (1975): The Value of Farmyard manure in maintaining fertilizer in Northern Nigeria. Dennison, Empire J. Exp. Agric. 29 (116): 330-336.

       v.            Doughty, L.R. (1970): The Value of    Fertilizers in African Agriculture. Field Experiments in Africa.

     vi.            Gamble, T. K & Gamble.M. (2002). Communication works. (7th ed.). Mc Graw- Hill (Irwin.  Inc.: New York. pg 82- 107)

  1. Hamideh, M.; Kurosh, R., & Abdol-Azim, A.  (2011) Iranian agricultural professionals’ knowledge on organic farming: African Journal of Agricultural Research  6(2), pp.  907-915:Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR
  2. Harris, P.J.C.,  Lloyd ,H.D., Hofny-Collins,  A.H., Barret, A.R. & Browne, A.W. (1998):    Organic Agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Farmer Demand and Potential for Development. The Henry Doubleday Research Association (Garden Organic): Coventry, UK.
  3. http://www.ghanadistricts.com/districts (2012)
  4. Lampkin, N.H &S. Padel. (1994): The Economics of organic Farming. An international perspective.Network for Ecofarming in Africa (2002).  Workshop Documentation on             International Follow-up Workshop Strategies of Ecofarming Promotion in   Africa October 14 - 25, 2002, Jinja,     Republic of Uganda
  5. Place, F.  Barrett, C.B, Freeman, H.A., Ramisch, J.J,  and Vanlauwe, B. (2003) Prospects for integrated soil fertility management using organic and inorganic inputs: evidence from smallholder African agricultural systems. Food Policy 28:365–378
  6. Palm, C.A., Myers, R.J.K., Nandwa, S.M. (1997) Combined use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment. In: Buresh RJ, Sanchez PA,    CalhounF (eds) Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. Soil Science `Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin.
  7. Shepherd, K.D, Ohlsson, E., Okalebo, J.R., Ndufa, J.K, David, S. (1995) A static model of nutrient flow on mixed farms in the highlands of western Kenya to explore the possible impact of improved management. In: JM Powell, Fernandez-Rivera       S, Williams TO, Renard C (eds) Livestock and sustainable nutrient cycling in mixed farming systems in    sub-Saharan Africa. Proceedings of an international conference, 22–26 November 1993, held at the International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ILCA, Addis Ababa, pp 523–538.
  8. Stolze, M, Piorr, A, Häring, A., &  Dabbert, S (2000 ) The Environmental Impacts of Organic Farming in Europe Organic Farming in Europe: Economics and  Policy  6 ( Stephan Dabbert , Nicolas Lampkin, Johannes Michelsen, Hiltrud Nieberg, Raffaele Zanoli, Universityof Hohenheim, Department of Farm Economics: Germany
  9. USDA (1980): Report and Recommendations on Organic Farming, US Government printing office, Washington D.C.
  10. Webster, C.C. & Wilson, P. N. (1980): Agriculture in the Tropics (2nd ED) Longman Group UK    Ltd.
  11. Waithaka, M.M, Thornton P.K. , Shepherd, K.D. &  Ndiwa, N.N. (2007) Factors affecting the use of fertilizers and manure by smallholders: the case of Vihiga, western Kenya. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst  78:211–224.

Cite this Article: