Effects Of Watering Regime And Mycorrhizal Inoculation On Growth,Functional And Yield Traits Of Four Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Varieties

Author(s)

Samuel Agele , Aiyelari Peter , Ojerinde Adeola ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 01-25 | Views: 575 | Downloads: 191 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2574526

Volume 1 - December 2017 (12)

Abstract

A screen house experiment was conducted to determine the effects of watering intervals and Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation on growth, functional trait, grain yield and yield components of four rice varieties. Treatments were 4 x 3 x 2 factorial combination consisting of three indigenous rice (Igbemo, Benue type, Ofada) and improved varieties (Nerica 8), watering regimes at 4-, 8- and 12– day intervals  and with or without the application mycorrhizal inoculum. Data collected were shoot and root weights, number of roots per plant and total root length, number of green and senesced leaves at 50% flowering and maturity, seed and panicle weights. Treatment were significant (P < 0.05) on some measured growth variables of mycorrhizal inoculated rice plants including plant height, number of tillers and leaves, leaf area and biomass per plant except fresh root weight of rice. A positive influence of Ambuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and 4 – day watering interval on plant growth and panicle and seed weight and  100 seeds weight compared to the non- inoculated and drought (12- day watering interval) were recorded. Inoculated Igbemo variety watered at 4– day intervals were consistently taller in height, had enhanced biomass and number of leaves and tillers. The 4- day watering interval enhanced rice growth which included, number of senesced leaves at 50% flowering and at maturity, number of green leaves at 50% flowering and at maturity, plant height at 50% flowering and biomass, except root length. Treatment effects were significant (P < 0.05) on some yield variables of rice which include, seed weight, 100 seed weight (g) and panicle weight. The values of these parameters were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in Igbemo and Benue varieties and were enhanced by the 4– day watering intervals. Inoculated Igbemo and Benue type watered at 4 – day interval had more seeds, higher seed weights and panicles with or without AMF inoculation compared with other varieties that were watered at 8– and 12– day watering intervals. The interactions between variety, watering intervals and mycorrhizal inoculation significantly enhanced plant height, leaf area, number of tillers and seed yields for Igbemo and Benue variety and number of spikes and spikelets for Ofada and Nerica 8.

Keywords

Rice, indigenous, rhizobium, moisture stress, adaptation, yield

References

i.                        Agele, S.O., Aderibigbe, A.T.B. & Oladitan, T.O. 2014. Yield traits and water productivity responses among rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.)  grown in a Fadama ecosystem in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 5(5): 435-449

ii.                        Akhtar, M.S. and Siddiqui, Z.A. (2007): Bio-control of a check pea-rot disease complex with Glomus intaradices, Pseudomonas putida and Paenibacillus polymyxa. Aust. Plant Pathol., 36:175-180

iii.                        Alami, Y.W., Achouak, A.C. and T. Heulin (2000). Rhizosphere soil aggregation and plant growth promotion of sunflowers by an exopolysaccharide seedling under axenic conditions. Soil and Environment 27: 64-71

iv.                        Alikhani, H.A., Saleh - Rastin N., Autoun, H. (2006). Phosphate solubilization sactivity of rhizobia native to Iranian Soils 287: 35-41

v.                        Ashrafuzzaman, M., F.A. Hossen, M.R. Ismail, M.A. Hoque, M.Z. Islam, S.M. Shahidullah and S. Meon (2009). Efficiency of Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) for the enhancement of rice growth. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 8: 1247-1252.

vi.                        Bahreininejad, B.J., Razinjoo and M.Mirza, 2013. Influence of water stress on Morpho – Physiological and photochemical traits in Thymus daenensis. International Journal of Plant Production 7(1): 151-166

vii.                        Bartee, S.N. and D.R. Krieg (1974). Length- width method for estimating leaf area of rice. doi: 10.2134/agrononj 1974 00021962006600030027 x 1974. Agronomy journal 66: 430 - 433.

viii.                        Biswas, J.C., J.K. Ladha and F.B. Dazzo (2000). Rhizobia inoculation improves nutrient uptake and growth of lowland rice. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 1644-1650

 ix.                        Chaves M M.Pereira J S,Maroco J,Rodrigues ML, Recado CPP, Osorio ML, et al (2002). How plants cope with water stress in the field. Photosynthesis and growth. Annals of botany.89.907-16.

x.                        Chi, F., Shen, S.H., Cheng, H.P., Jing, Y.X., Yanni,Y.G. and Dazzo, F.B. (2005). Ascending migration of endophytic rhizobia from roots to leaves inside rice plants and assessment of benefits to rice growth physiology. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 7271-7278.

xi.                        Dar, N.A. and Bali, A.S. (2007). Influence of biofertilizers and nitrogen levels on transplanted rice (Oryza sativa L.) under temperate agro-climatic conditions of Jammu and Kashmir. Journal of Research, SKUAST-J, 6 (1): 67-72.

xii.                        Dias, P.C., Araujo, W.L., Moraes, G.A.B.K., Barros, R.S. and DaMatta, F.M. (2007). Morphological and Physiological responses of two coffee progenies to soil water availability. Journal of Plant Physiology 164: 1639-1647

xiii.                        Dowling, N. G., Greenfield, S. M., and Fisher, K. S. (1998). Sustainability of rice in the global food system (1st ed.). International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines: 404. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10269/256

xiv.                        FAO. (2009). Expert meeting on how to feed the world in 2050; Extracts from a paper presented by Economic and Social Development Department. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

xv.                        Guissou, T. (2009). Contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to growth and nutrient uptake by Jujube and tamarind Seedlings in a phosphate–deficient soil. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 3(5): 297-304

xvi.                        Gumil, S., Chang, H.S., Zhu, T., Sesina, A., Oshbourn, A., Roux, C., Ioannidis, V., Oakeley, E.J., Docquier, M., Descombes P., Briggs, S.P. and Paszkowski, U. (2005). Comparative transcriptomics of rice reveals and ancients pattern of response to microbial colonization. Proc. Natl. Acad. SCI. USA. 2: 8066-8070.

xvii.                        Henson, I.E., Harun, M.H., and Chang K.C., and Mohammed, A.T., 2007.  Predicting soil water status, evapotranspiration growth and yield of oil palm in a seasonally dry region of Malaysia Journal of oil palm research. 19, 398-415.

xviii.                        Hol, G.W. and Cook, R. (2005). An overview of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi – nematode interactions. Basic Appl. Ecol., 489 – 503.

xix.                        Isahak, A., Ahmad A., Rosenani A.B. and Jamil, H. (2012). SRI rice crop establishment. Trans. Malaysian Soc. Plant Physiol. 20: 20-20.

 xx.                        Jim Deacon (1998).The nitrogen cycle and Nitrogen fixation, Institute of cell and molecular biology, The university of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland

xxi.                        Jones, H.G and F. Tardieu. (1997). Modelling (sic) water relations of horticultural crops: a review. Scientia Horticulturae, 74:21-46.

xxii.                        Kachroo, D. and Razdan, R. (2006). Growth, nutrient uptake and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) as influenced by biofertilizers and nitrogen. Indian Journal of Agronomy 51 (1): 37-39.

 xxiii.                        Kennedy IR, Cockings EC. 1997.Biological Nitrogen Fixation:The Global Challenge and Future Needs.Rockefeller Foundation Bellagion Conference Proceedings.(SUN Fix Press, University of Sydney,Sydney), 83pp.

xxiv.                        Khalil, S.E. and El- Noemani, A.A. (2012). Effect of irrigation intervals and exogeneous prolin application in improving tolerance of garden cress plant (Lepidium Sativum L.) to water  stress. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 8(1): 157-167

xxv.                        Khan, A.A., Sinha A.P.  and Rathi Y.P.S. (2005). Plant growth promoting activity of Trichoderma herzianum on rice seed germination. Indian J. Agric. Res., 39: 256-262.

xxvi.                        Khush, G.S. (2005). What it will take to feed 5.0 billion rice consumers in 2030. Plant Molecular Biology. 59: 1-6.

xxvii.                        Klein, D.A., Salzwedel J.L.  and Dazzo F.B. (1990). Microbial colonization of plant roots. In: Biotechnology of plant microbe.

 xxviii.                        Kulac, S., P. Nzokou, D. Guney, B.M. Cregg, and I. Turna. (2012). Growth and physiological response of Fraser Fir [Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.] seedlings to water stress: Seasonal and diurnal variations in photosynthetic pigments and carbohydrate concentration. HortScience 47(10):1512-1519.

xxix.                        Lindermann W.C. (2015). Soil Microbiologist College of Agriculture, Consumer and Envinromental Sciences New Mexico state University.

xxx.                        Lovelock, C.E., Wright, S.F., Clark, D.A., Ruess, R.W. (2004). Soil stocks of glomalin produced by arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi across a tropical rain forest landscape. J. Ecol. 92: 278– 287.

xxxi.                        Majumder, A.L., Sengupta, S., and Goswami, L. (2012). Osmolyte regulation in Abiotic stress, pp. 349-370.

xxxii.                        Menge, J.A. (1983). Utilization of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agriculture. Canadian Journal of Botany 61:1015-1024

xxxiii.                        Mishra, D.S. and Sinha, A.P. (2000). Plant growth-promoting activity of some fungal and bacterial agents on rice seed germination and seedling growth..Tropical Agriculture 77: 188-191.

xxxiv.                        Ruíz-Sánchez, M., E. Armada, Y. Munoz, I.E.G. de Salamone, R. Aroca, J.M. Ruíz-Lozano and R. Azcón, (2011). Azospirillum and arbuscular mycorrhizae colonization enhance rice growth and physiological traits under well-watered and drought conditions. J. Plant Physiol., 168: 1031-1037.

xxxv.                        Ruiz-Lozano, J. M. (2003). Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and alleviation of osmotic stress. New perspective for molecular studies. Mycorrhiza, 13:309-317. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00572-003-0237-6

xxxvi.                        Sakariyawo S., Okeleye K.A., Dare M.O., Atayese, A.A., Oyekanmi S.G., Aderibigbe S.G., Okonji C.J., Ogundaini O.G. and Soremi S. (2013).  Agronomic evaluation of some drought tolerant NERICA rice varieties to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation in the rainforest transitory zone of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5.11: 118-126.

xxxvii.                        Sakthivel, N. and S.S. Gnanamanickam, (1987). Evaluation of Pseudomonas fluorescens for suppression of sheath rot disease and for enhancement of grain yields in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 53: 2056-2059.

xxxviii.                        Secilia, J. and Bagyaraj, D.J. (1994). Selection of efficient vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi for wetland rice: A preliminary screen. Mycorrhiza 46: 265-268.

xxxix.                        Sheffield, Justin, and Eric F. Wood (2008). “Projected changes in drought occurrence under future global warming from multi-model, multi scenario, IPCC AR4 simulations.’’ Climate Dynamics 31.1 (2008): 79-105.

xl.                        Shukla, N., R.P. Awasthi, R. Laxmi and J. Kumar. (2012). Biochemical and physiological responses of rice (Oryza sativa L.) as influenced by Trichoderma harzianum under drought stress. Plant Physiol. Biochem.54: 78-88.

xli.                        Sieverding, E. (1991). Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza management in Tropical Agro system. schriftenreihe der GTZ NO. 224, Federal Republic of Germany.

xlii.                        Smith, S.E., F.A. Smith and I. Jakobsen, (2003). Mycorrhizae fungi can dominate phosphate supply to plants irrespective of growth responses. Plant Physiol. 133: 16-20.

xliii.                        Smith, G.S. (1987). Interactions of nematodes with mycorrhizal fungi in; Veech, J.A and Dickson, D.W (Eds), Vistas on Nematology Society of Nematologists, Hyastsville, Maryland, USA. 292-300.

xliv.                        Solaiman, M.Z. and H. Hirata, (1997). Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi inoculation of rice seedlings at the nursery stage upon performance in the paddy field and greenhouse. Plant Soil 191: 1-12.

xlv.                        Sudova, R., Jurklewics, A., Turnac, K. and Vosatka, M. (2007). Persistence of heavy metal tolerance of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Glomus intraradeces under different cultivation regimes symbiosis. 43: 712-81 INCOMPLETE CITTAION

 xlvi.                        Vadez V, Rao S, Kholova J, Krishnamurthi L, Kashuoagi J, Ratinakumar P, et al (2008) Root research for drought  tolerance in legume: Quovadis ? Journal of Food legumes 21 (2) 77-85.

xlvii.                        Vessey, J.K. (2003). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant Soil, 225: 571 - 586.

xlviii.                        Zhang, S.J. L.Wang, F.Ma, X.Zhang, Y.N. Xu and Z. Li. (2012). Effects of mycorrhizal alone with or without nitrogen and phosphate on rice dry matter production and distribution. J. Harbin Inst. Technol., 44: 33-36.

Cite this Article: